Did you know that almost everyone eats pepper? Practicing pepper farming either as a hobby or commercial has it’s benefits anywhere in the world. In Nigeria, some of the popular types of pepper are chilli, cayenne, habanero and sweet pepper. They are called ata ijosi, shombo, atarodo and tatase respectively in Yoruba, Nigeria.
Pepper is an excellent source of antioxidant. It is the world’s second important vegetable, ranking after tomatoes. In a country like Nigeria where the average diet is dominated by carbohydrate foods, pepper is an essential source of vitamins and minerals.
How you can make regular income from peppers
Truth be told, people growing pepper as a hobby (backyard farming) will just make little profit or enjoy the produce. This is also the case of conventional pepper farmers.
But if you want to make your millions, here are some vital tips that will give you upper hand.
1. Go for proper and regular training
When you’re equipped with the relevant knowledge in agricultural technology and practice, your yield and profit will increase. Many pepper farmers are producing far less than the average yield per hectare. Having modern knowledge can yield more than 15 tonnes of habanero peppers per hectare.
2. Access to Finance
One of our customers wanted to apply for a grant. He was asked to attach his financial report. He couldn’t because of lack of proper record keeping. If you wanted to make a lot of money from growing peppers, you need sufficient funds. Make sure your business is fund-able. Except you’re planning of banking on the finance from family, friends or yours. Many people start by using their own funds.
3. Have a fertile growing medium
Ensure that the land is fertile. This will reduce your use of manure, fertilizers etc. You should also be able to ascertain the nutrient composition of the soil you’re using. Many farmers out there do not do analysis of the growing medium. When you have that information, you can know how best to manage it.
4. Hire best hands to help
You need the help of capable and trust worthy team. People working with you must be proficient in pepper planting. People in the northern and middle belt are willing to work than in the southwest. There will be no problem finding workers for the pepper farm in the north.
5. Land preparation
When necessary, you should remove unwanted weeds and trees from the land, plow, rake etc. Add fertilizer or compost if the soil is not fertile.
6. Access to agricultural inputs
You must also get agricultural input to grow peppers. Necessary agricultural inputs include open pollinated or hybrid seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, drip irrigation equipment etc. We recommend hybrid pepper seeds over open-pollinated pepper seeds (OPV) because it’s more productive. Some seeds are highly resistance to different types of pests and diseases. Your best plug for quality Agricultural Inputs is farmsquare.ng
7. Consider Irrigation Farming
Now that rain hasn’t fully started, drip irrigation will supply water and nutrients to the roots of plants in the form of drips through pipes. This is the best way to grow pepper effectively. Drip irrigation will increase the output of your pepper with average of 120%. It’s essential you get a good drip irrigation system for the pepper farm. You will need a good source of water, such as wells, wells, dams or rivers.
8. Give them the required care
Just like babies, our crop wants us to care for them by paying attention and monitor their activities. Talk to them if you have to. Pray for them too. Above all, make sure you carryout good agronomic practices to make them disease-free and ensure excellent. Aphids, pepper maggots, pepper weevils, tomato hornworms, colorado potato beetles, leaf miners, flea beetles, and corn borers can attack pepper. Control these pest insects with insecticides
9. Plan out your marketing
Marketing is crucial when it comes to pepper farming. You have to first choose a variety that does not deteriorate when harvested. If it’s necessary to preserve pepper, do so. Plan to sell the produce before you start to grow it.
- Check out the investment opportunity in CHILLI PEPPER.
FAQ On Pepper Farming
1. How profitable is pepper farming in Nigeria?
Pepper farming in Nigeria is one of the most profitable vegetable farming business anyone can engage in. Pepper is used in almost all types of foods eaten in Nigeria.
2. Where is pepper grown in Nigeria?
In South-Western Nigeria, pepper has been massively conveyed from Northern Nigeria despite the fact that it is also grown in the South West. This indicates that there is a great and urgent need for an increase in pepper production in Nigeria, especially in South-Western Nigeria.
3. How long does it take pepper to grow in Nigeria?
It will take 60 to 95 days.
4. Peppers are a tender, warm-season crop, so they typically need to be started indoors if grown from seed. Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before your last spring frost date. Bell peppers require a fairly long growing season (60 to 90 days), which is another reason to start them indoors: they get a nice headstart!
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