- Sweet pepper seeds are known to grow in many types of soil but for maximum production, they should be planted in deep soils to facilitate good root penetration. They are heavy nutrient extractors from the soil and thus require periodic replenishment through manure addition or artificial fertilizer but at the correct proportions in line with the requirements and soil deficit.
Land preparation precautions:
1. Ensure crop is grown in fertile land, use manure to enrich the soil with nutrients or apply base fertilizer rich in phosphorous at planting period such as N: P: K at 10gms per hole as a general application.
2. Confirm soil nutrient levels through soil analysis to help determine deficit elements.
- It is recommended that transplanting is done early in the morning or late in the evening( it reduces the risk of transplanting shock arising from the seedling evapotranspiration)
- The standard spacing for California Wonder is 60 x 60cm
1. Drench seedlings during transplanting with an insecticide to prevent early attack by aphids, whiteflies, thrips, and cutworms.
2. The pepper can be cultivated at a temperature of about 70 degrees.
3. In colder areas, it helps to warm the ground with black mulch material about a week before planting.
- Application of complete fertilizer(NPK) is recommended 3-4 weeks after transplanting at the rate of 10g per plant.
- The Second split of fertilizer should be applied 2 – 3 weeks away from the first top-dress at the rate of 5 – 10 gms per plant depending on the soil fertility levels.
- For long cycle growing crops in the greenhouse or in the shade net, spilt top-dressing should be applied after every three weeks as a general rule to ensure continuous production of quality marketable yields.
- Foliar fertilizers can be used to supplement soil-applied fertilizer especially during periods of crop stress e.g. hot periods and during heavy rains that hamper proper nutrients update through the roots.