Drip irrigation provides a smart and cost-effective way of saving water, promoting plant growth, preventing fungi and diseases and providing many other benefits. The drip irrigation kits available at farmsquare are the fastest, easiest way to bring drop irrigation to your farm, garden or landscape, whether you have a few potted plants to look after or run a large farming operation.
Every drip irrigation system kit comes with all you need for the type of farming you’re practicing . For example, if you’re looking for drip irrigation for your raised beds, our kits will have you covered to your plants from your faucet.
We have greenhouse indoor kits and grow houses as well as outdoor kits that can water everything from one single plant to the row crops.
Advantages of Drip irrigation
Fertilizer and nutrient loss is minimized due to a localized application and reduced leaching.
- Water application efficiency is high if managed correctly.
- Field leveling is not necessary.
- Fields with irregular shapes are easily accommodated.
- Recycled non-potable water can be safely used.
- Moisture within the root zone can be maintained at field capacity.
- Soil type plays a less important role in the frequency of irrigation.
- Soil erosion is lessened.
- Weed growth is lessened.
- Water distribution is highly uniform, controlled by the output of each nozzle.
- Labour cost is less than other irrigation methods.
- Variation in supply can be regulated by regulating the valves and drippers.
- Fertigation can easily be included with minimal waste of fertilizers.
- Foliage remains dry, reducing the risk of disease.
- Usually operated at lower pressure than other types of pressurized irrigation, reducing energy costs.
Component of Drip Irrigation Kit
Major Components of Drip Irrigation System
Fertilizer tank /Venturi
Mains / Sub-mains
Pump station takes water from the source and provides the right pressure for delivery into the pipe system.
Control valves control the discharge and pressure in the entire system.
Filtration system cleans the water. Common types of filter include screen filters and graded sand filters which remove fine material suspended in the water.
Fertilizer tank/venturi slowly add a measured dose of fertilizer into the water during irrigation. This is one of the major advantages of drip irrigation over other methods.
Mainlines, submains and laterals supply water from the control head into the fields. They are usually made from PVC or polyethylene hose and should be buried below ground because they easily degrade when exposed to direct solar radiation. Lateral pipes are usually 13-32 mm diameter.
Emitters or drippers are devices used to control the discharge of water from the lateral to the plants. They are usually spaced more than 1 metre apart with one or more emitters used for a single plant such as a tree. For row crops more closely spaced emitters may be used to wet a strip of soil. Many different emitter designs have been produced in recent years. The basis of design is to produce an emitter which will provide a specified constant discharge which does not vary much with pressure changes, and does not block easily.
Crops suitable for Drip Irrigation System
Orchard Crops Grapes, Banana, Pomegranate, Orange,
Citrus, Mango, Lemon, Custard Apple, Sapota,
Guava, Pineapple, Coconut, Cashewnut,
Papaya, Aonla, Litchi, Watermelon,
Vegetables Tomato, Chilly, Capsicum, Cabbage,
Cauliflower, Onion, Okra, Brinjal, Bitter Gourd,
Ridge Gourd, Cucumber, Peas, Spinach,
Cash Crops Sugarcane, Cotton. Arecanut, Strawberry etc.
Flowers Rose, Carnation, Gerbera, Anthurium,
Orchids, Jasmine, Dahilia, Marigold etc.
Plantation Tea, Rubber, Coffee, Coconut etc.
Spices Turmeric, Cloves, Mint etc,
Oil Seed Sunflower, Oil palm, Groundnut etc.
Forest Crops Teakwood, Bamboo etc.