Greenhouse structure 10m×25m
Greenhouse farming is a type of farming that involves growing your crops under a controlled or enclosed protected environment. This type of farming helps to keep out pests and diseases and also protects the crops from adverse weather conditions. The materials used are mainly glass or nets. They are sometimes called glasshouses or screenhouses.
Screenhouse farming also enables farmers to cultivate crops that they would ordinarily be unable to cultivate because of the climatic or weather conditions in their locations. In greenhouse farming, humidity, and temperature can be controlled. It is also possible to control the amount of water passed to crops in greenhouse farming.
Advantages of greenhouse farming
- A screenhouse needs a small size of land, despite this; it can yield far more than open field cultivation. A small sized greenhouse standing on one eight of a plot of land can have a yield commensurate with an open field farm on 1 acre of farmland.
- The greenhouse guards crops against pests, diseases, and adverse weather conditions.
- The greenhouse can allow farmers to practice integrated pest management.
- A typical screen house has a higher yield of crops than open-field farming.
- There is efficiency in the use of water and nutrients in a screenhouse as compared to open field cultivation.
- The Returns on Investment (ROI) on screenhouses are typically higher than open field farming.
Disadvantages of screenhouse farming
- A greenhouse is expensive to acquire.
- The farmer needs good skills and competencies in order to run a greenhouse.