Caribbean Red pepper plants (Capsicum chinense “Caribbean Red”), an extremely spicy version of the habanero pepper. You can easily grow this type of plant in even a small garden, but take caution; wear rubber gloves and a mask when handling the fruits of this firecracker and use it very sparingly when cooking.
Caribbean Red pepper plants grow as small bushes with upright stems. They feature vivid green, ovular leaves with pointed tips and sprout two to six five-petaled flowers per stem, typically in white, yellow, pale green or purple hues. Fruits of the Caribbean Red pepper plant grow about 1 to 2 inches long, featuring wrinkly, bright red skin and a lantern- or bell-like shape.
Easy-to-grow Caribbean Red pepper plants thrive in all climate zones as an annual. These peppers prefer full sunlight exposure, warm temperatures — about 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 degrees at night — and well-drained soil. They tolerate acidic soil, flourishing in the pH range of 6.0 to 6.8, but do not tolerate frost.
Plant peppers 2 feet apart from one another in the raining season, with soil temperatures kept at around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The Caribbean Red thrives in moist, but not waterlogged, soil. This plant takes well to blood meal, fish emulsion, poultry manure and steer manure fertilizers, as well as water-soluble vegetable plant food and 5-10-5 general-use fertilizer.
This fast-growing bush produces edible fruits within about 80 to 100 days of planting. Caribbean habanero pepper plants bear fruit in abundance. Fruit may be harvested at the immature green stage or fully ripened red stage. With proper care, the Caribbean Red pepper plant reaches mature heights of about 30 inches and widths of about 15 inches.
Aphids, pepper weevils and whiteflies attack the Caribbean Red pepper, but a strong hosing typically eliminates these pests. Bacterial spot and climbing cutworms may affect Caribbean Red pepper plants — well-drained soil and paper cylinder collars prevent these afflictions. Inadequate foliage may cause sunscald while a lack of soil calcium or moisture leads to blossom end rot. If smokers handle the plant without washing their hands, Caribbean Red peppers may fall victim to the tobacco mosaic virus. source